Technical Papers

AutoCascade and Vacuum Theory

  • pdf
    Water Vapor Cryo-Pumping

    A.G. Spencer and J. Stenhouse
    Alacritas Consultancy Ltd.
    Telemark Cryogenics Ltd.

    A good Overview of the Water Vapor
    Cryo-Pumping Principles as used in
    Polycold and Telemark Units.

  • pdf
    Ultra Low-Temperature Refrigeration

    2002 ASHRAE Refrigeration Handbook
    Cascade and AutoCascade Systems

    Does a Comparison between AutoCascade
    and Traditional Cascade Low-Temperature
    Refrigeration Systems, and the Theory
    of their Operation.

Standard Refrigeration Tech